What is Fuchs’ dystrophy?
Fuchs’ dystrophy is a disease of the cornea. It is when cells in your endothelium layer slowly begin to die off. These specific cells are meant to pump fluid away from your cornea to keep it clear. When they die, the fluid builds up and the cornea gets swollen and or puffy. Your vision also will become cloudy or hazy. This particular eye disease has two separate stages.
In the early stage, you may begin to notice few problems that may not come across as much of an alarm. Your vision will usually get hazy in the morning time but progressively improves throughout the day. We find this to happen because your eyes stay moist when they are closed during your sleep, and when you wake up, the fluid dries up per usual.
During the second stage of Fuchs’ dystrophy, too much fluid can build up and remain blurry because not enough is drying up during the day. Tiny blisters can form in the cornea and eventually break open causing eye pain. Individuals in their 30s and 40s may have Fuchs’ dystrophy but not know it. Vision problems may not appear until age 50 or even later. Women are more likely than men to have vision issues, and your family’s hereditary issues may also increase your risk of developing it.